“The best spice merchants knew full well that they were not merely selling calories, cures, or scents but also the stories that came along with them that might magnify the value of each item.” – Gary Nabhan
What to Look For
It is overwhelming to stand in a supplement aisle trying to decide which product to buy. Herb companies invest a tremendous amount in marketing their finished products. And in an era of green washing, it is hard to know what and who to trust.
Though the messages on the labels may seem similar, companies have differing values and philosophies that guide the company. Some companies are homegrown and grassroots while others are closer to the pharmaceutical side of herbal manufacturing. As a consumer it’s worth deciding what level of herbal medicine you prefer—bulk teas or standardized extracts in a capsule—and finding a company that produces that product from high quality, sustainably and equitably sourced herbs.
Certifications and Definitions
“There is a market for easier standards. And there are weak standards out there that are difficult to differentiate from the rigorous standards.” — Josef Brinckmann
Below is an overview of regulations that guide production and manufacturing of dietary supplements. These regulations provide a starting point for evaluating a company’s claims. Many of these certifications are complicated and are buried in reports that are hard for experts to understand, let alone busy employees of processing centers. The certifications are written only in English making it difficult for a worker whose English is fine for day to day tasks, but not good enough to understand the complexities and nuances of these certifications.
We will expand on this information soon.
USDA National Organic Program; Final Rule
Fair Trade International (FLO) Fairtrade Standard for Herbs, Herbal Teas & Spices for Small Producers/Traders
FLO Fairtrade Standard for Herbs and Herbal Teas for Hired Labour and Traders
Demeter Biodynamic® Farm Standard
The dividing line from GACP to GMP is the point at which the herb leaves the raw material storage of the producer (whether farmed or wild collected) and enters the warehouse of the product manufacturer, whether that product is a Botanical Drug Product (OTC or Rx), an Herbal Dietary Supplement Product, an Herbal Food Product, or an Herbal Cosmetic Product.
- For the U.S. context, AHPA-AHP GACPs and the FDA Current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMPs) for dietary supplements regulate quality assurance for production, handling and storage of botanical raw materials.
Overall Sustainability of Companies:
- B Corporation: Companies that use the power of business to solve social and environmental problems and must report on their efforts.